Tetralogy of Fallot

Health is not Valued till Sickness Comes
26 Sep

Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare condition caused by a combination of four heart defects that are present at birth

Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare, complex heart defect. It occurs in about 5 out of every 10,000 babies. The defect affects boys and girls equally.

Tetralogy of Fallot is often diagnosed during infancy or soon after. However, tetralogy of Fallot might not be detected until later in life, depending on the severity of the defects and symptoms.

Symptoms may include:

These symptoms usually appear during the first few weeks of life. In mild TOF cases, symptoms may not appear until much later when the child or young adult becomes more active, placing more demand on the heart. Without treatment, symptoms will persist.

Tetralogy of Fallot is caused by the combination of four heart defects that occur during the growth of the fetus:

After your baby is born, your baby's doctor might suspect tetralogy of Fallot if your baby has blue-tinged skin or if a heart murmur

Your baby's cardiologist will conduct a physical examination and use several tests to confirm the diagnosis.

Various medications are often given to relieve symptoms and prevent complications. Tetralogy of Fallot is primarily treated surgically. Surgical options include:

Complications can continue throughout childhood, adolescence and adulthood for people with tetralogy of Fallot.

About author

Dr. Adil Sadiq
Cardiologist
Dr. Adil Sadiq has the distinction of probably being the only Cardiac surgeon in South India who is trained in Robotic Cardiac surgery. He is one of the very few surgeons in the country, who has extensive experience in minimally invasive cardiac surgery, including endoscopic approaches and is one of the very few surgeons performing Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) in this part of the country.

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